Improve the appearance of the skin on the face, neck or hands.
Chemical Peels are cosmetic procedures using a chemical solution to rejuvenate the skin, thereby improving and smoothing the texture and clarity of the skin. There are several types of chemical peels ranging in strength from mildly superficial to deeply resurfacing; alpha hydroxy acid peels (AHA), beta hydroxy acid peels (BHA), Jessners’s peels, retinoic acid peels, trichloroacetic acid peels (TCA), and phenol peels.
The type, strength and acidic PH content will determine whether the chemical peel can safely be performed by a licensed aesthetician (superficial peels) or under the direction of an authorizing physician (deeper peels). Certain chemical peels may only be administered by a licensed physician.
Why You Should Consider Having a Chemical Peel Done
10 reasons why you should get a Chemical peel treatment It will:
- Improve the texture of your skin,
- Increase the cell turnover rate of your skin,
- Help your skin produce more collagen,
- Reduce fine lines
- Decrease hyperpigmentation
- Unclog pores and help clear up acne
- Leave your skin smooth,
- Make your skin look more even-toned,,
- Make your skin look dewy,
- Improve minor scarring.
Types of Peels
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) are usually derived from citric (citrus fruits), glycolic (sugar cane), lactic (fermented milk), malic (apples) and tartaric (grapes). Generally, glycolic and lactic acid are the two most commonly applied. AHAs are the mildest of all chemical peels. They are primarily beneficial for the treatment of very fine lines, dry and dehydrated skin, mild skin and pigment irregularities and acne.
Lactic acid is very hydrating and brightening to the skin. It has a very large molecular structure and thus it tends to be less irritating. Glycolic acid, on the other hand, has the smallest molecular structure, penetrating quickly and deeper – thus being more irritating. It tends to feel “spicy” on the skin during the professional treatment. It is a commonly used, multi-functional acid varying in strengths, usually between 15, 20, 30, 50 and 70%, which provides many skin benefits.
Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs) are lipid based (oil loving) and the most widely used acid is salicylic. They tend to work very well on oily skin types, helping to control oil production, on acne prone and congested skin, and to a certain extent perform better than AHAs (due to their ability to penetrate deeper with their lipid base capabilities attaching to our own natural skin oils).
Think of salicylic acid as a “Roto-Rooter” for the pores. Salicylic acid has anti-inflammatory properties, which can reduce redness and irritation from breakouts. Clients with sensitivity to aspirin are contraindicated for the use of salicylic acid.
Jessner’s Peels are typically a combination of lactic acid, salicylic acid and resorcinol in an ethanol base. The resorcinol drives the other acids farther into the skin layers. Jessner’s peels vary by strength and percentages of acid used. Some are classified as a mild Jessner’s, like those combining additional acids, such as mandelic derived from bitter almonds, which is calming to the skin and helps reduce redness and inflammation. Phytic acid from rice bran is a natural skin brightener. Clients with sensitive/sensitized skin, such as those with rosacea, can benefit from receiving chemical peels with lactic, mandelic and phytic acid.
Jessner’s Peels are often followed by a layer of retinoic acid, aiding in deeper peel penetration, allowing the acid to effectively break the “glue” between the skin cells known as keratinocytes. Combining retinoic acid into the peel provides enhanced results and facilitates in skin healing.
Trichloroacetic Acid Peels (TCA) are perhaps the most frequently used acid for a medium depth peel. It is available in a range of strengths and combinations. Many times it is used at lower percentages in conjunction with other acids such as salicylic acid. When used as a stand alone agent with percentages above 20%, it is routinely administered only by a physician. TCA peels are a great choice for advanced pigment irregularities, sun damage, deeper wrinkles and acne scars. Depending on the strength and percentage used, TCA can be classified as a medium-deep chemical peel.
TCA & Phenol peels, also known as carbolic acid, are the strongest chemical peel solutions and result in a deep skin peel. The concentration and combination of phenol used – possibly in conjunction with other solutions, such as resorcinol and salicylic acid – will determine the frequency between treatments. Phenol peels are very powerful and can provide dramatic facial rejuvenation with long lasting results. In some cases, they may only be administered once in a lifetime. They are generally administered by a physician.
Your skin will be first cleansed and “degreased” before the peel is actually applied. The reason for this is all surface oils and debris are removed so that the peel can penetrate properly.
When performing the peel, you might experience some warmth over the area that is being treated. This area might be cooled down manually or with an electric fan.
On the other hand, you may feel stinging, burning, and even itching while the peel is being performed. These manifestations are completely normal and they will stop after the procedure is over. If you feel any discomfort, do not doubt telling the therapist about it immediately.
After Chemical Peels
All peels require some follow-up care:
- Superficial peels require one to seven days to heal. Treated skin will initially be red and may scale. Lotion or cream should be applied until the skin heals, followed by daily use of sunscreen. Makeup can usually be worn the next day.
- Medium peels require seven to 14 days to heal. Treated skin will initially be red and swollen. Swelling worsens for the first 48 hours. Eyelids may swell shut. Blisters may form and break. Skin crusts and peels off in seven to 14 days. Skin must be soaked daily for a specified period, followed by ointment application. Antiviral medication is taken for 10 to 14 days. Mild lotion or cream may be applied. Avoid all sun exposure until healing is complete. Camouflage makeup may be worn after five to seven days. A follow-up appointment will be necessary to monitor progress.
- Deep peels require 14 to 21 days to heal. The treated area will be bandaged. Skin must be soaked four to six times daily, followed by ointment application for the first 14 days. Afterwards a thick moisturizer is applied for the next 14 days. Antiviral medication is taken for 10 to 14 days. Mild lotion or cream may be applied. Avoid all sun exposure for three to six months. Camouflage makeup may be worn after 14 days. Several follow-up appointments will be necessary to monitor progress.
Sun exposure and smoking after a chemical peel must be avoided because they can cause unwanted side effects, including infection and scarring.
Regarding visible results, they can be unpredictable and they will vary according to each person. Some of them can be seen after days, but some other after 3 weeks following their peel.
For those who receive facial treatment regularly, the chemical peel might enhance the normal aspect their skin has.
It is generally advised to get a chemical peel every three to six weeks. However, if you suffer from acne, there are some peels that you can do every two weeks until you find the expected results.
Most people buy a series of four or six peels up front to achieve the treatment results wanted. What is more, when you buy a series of peels upfront you will probably receive a discount.
You should also consider buying a deal that allows you to get chemical peels interspersed with Medifacial treatments. Combination treatments can enhance the results of the peel by helping to exfoliate the flaky skin you have on your face.
Twacha Skin Clinic, Dwarka
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